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Right Ventricular Mechanical Dyssynchrony in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: Correlation with Systolic Function and QRS Duration

Authors
  • Zaidi, S. Javed
  • Penk, Jamie
  • Cui, Vivian W.
  • Roberson, David A.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pediatric Cardiology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Mar 20, 2019
Volume
40
Issue
5
Pages
934–942
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00246-019-02091-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

The single right ventricle (RV) in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) often develops systolic dysfunction with time and this affects prognosis. Mechanical dyssynchrony has been reported in HLHS but has not consistently correlated with systolic function or electrical dyssynchrony. The aims of this study were to assess the relationship between RV mechanical dyssynchrony, RV systolic function, and QRS duration on surface electrocardiography. We hypothesized that surface QRS duration would not be an adequate indicator of mechanical dyssynchrony compared with dyssynchrony parameters. Retrospective analysis of echocardiograms of patients with HLHS divided into preserved vs reduced RV function. We measured two RV function parameters: (1) fractional area change (FAC) and (2) global longitudinal strain (RVGLS). We measured two dyssynchrony parameters: (1) the standard deviation of the time to peak strain for 9 segments (tPS-9) and (2) time difference between the earliest and latest time to peak strain (RV dyssynchrony index or RVDI) both corrected for R–R interval. We also measured the QRS duration from surface EKG. Mechanical dyssynchrony parameters were compared to both RV systolic function and to QRS duration. 41 patients with HLHS were identified: 21 had preserved function and 20 had reduced function defined by a FAC < 35%. The reduced function group had a significantly lower mean FAC and RVGLS. RVDI was higher in the dysfunction group and had a modest correlation with FAC (r = 0.48) and RVGLS (r = 0.57). tPS-9 was longer in the dysfunction group and had a modest correlation with FAC (r = 0.45) and RVGLS (r = 0.57). QRS duration was longer in the dysfunction group and had a modest correlation with FAC (r = 0.56) and RVGLS (r = 0.56). The weakest correlations were between QRS duration and tPS-9 (r = 0.32) and QRS duration and RVDI (r = 0.10). RV dysfunction measured by FAC was associated with mechanical dyssynchrony measured by increased RVDI and tPS-9. QRS duration was longer in the group with dysfunction but did not correlate with directly measured mechanical dyssynchrony. This may have potential implications for cardiac resynchronization therapy in univentricular patients as assessed by mechanical dyssynchrony parameters rather than QRS duration alone.

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