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The Right to Use Kratom from the Psychiatric and Islamic Perspectives.

Authors
  • Leong Bin Abdullah, Mohammad Farris Iman...1
  • Mohamad, Mohd Afifuddin2
  • Abdul Rahman, Noor Naemah3
  • 1 Lifestyle Science Cluster, Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, [email protected], 13200, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. [email protected] , (Malaysia)
  • 2 Lifestyle Science Cluster, Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, [email protected], 13200, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
  • 3 Department of Fiqh and Usul, Academy of Islamic Studies, Universiti Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Religion and Health
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2021
Volume
60
Issue
2
Pages
841–853
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10943-019-00830-w
PMID: 31069602
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This paper aimed to summarize kratom's psychological effects on users and the Islamic views on kratom use. A literature survey of published kratom studies, teachings based on the holy Qur'an, the Sunnah, and views of several Islamic scholars based on qualitative methodology through text analysis was conducted. The results demonstrated that despite its beneficial therapeutic effects, the harm induced by kratom outweighs its benefits. We concluded that kratom use for medicinal purposes is only warranted if useful constituent mitragynine can be extracted and used on its own, and if more rigorous human studies demonstrated good safety profile and efficacy of mitragynine for therapeutic purposes.

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