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Rhodium Oxide Surface-Loaded Gas Sensors

Authors
  • Staerz, Anna
  • Boehme, Inci
  • Degler, David
  • Bahri, Mounib
  • Doronkin, Dmitry E.
  • Zimina, Anna
  • Brinkmann, Helena
  • Herrmann, Sina
  • Junker, Benjamin
  • Ersen, Ovidiu
  • Grunwaldt, Jan-Dierk
  • Weimar, Udo
  • Barsan, Nicolae
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2018
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

is presented. Under normal sensing conditions, the rhodium clusters were oxidized. Significant evidence is provided that, in this case, the sensing is dominated by a Fermi-level pinning mechanism, i.e., the reaction with the target gas takes place on the noble-metal cluster, changing its oxidation state. As a result, the heterojunction between the oxidized rhodium clusters and the base metal oxide was altered and a change in the resistance was detected. Through measurements done in low-oxygen background, it was possible to induce a mechanism switch by reducing the clusters to their metallic state. At this point, there was a significant drop in the overall resistance, and the reaction between the target gas and the base material was again visible. For decades, noble metal loading was used to change the characteristics of metal-oxide-based sensors. The study presented here is an attempt to clarify the mechanism responsible for the change. Generalities are shown between the sensing mechanisms of different supporting materials loaded with rhodium, and sample-specific aspects that must be considered are identified.

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