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Revisiting the Farey AF Algebra

Authors
  • Mundici, Daniele1
  • 1 University of Florence, Department of Mathematics “Ulisse Dini”, Viale Morgagni 67/A, Florence, I-50134, Italy , Florence (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Milan Journal of Mathematics
Publisher
SP Birkhäuser Verlag Basel
Publication Date
Aug 28, 2011
Volume
79
Issue
2
Pages
643–656
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00032-011-0166-3
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

In a recent paper, F. Boca investigates the AF algebra \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${{\mathfrak{A}}}$$\end{document} associated with the Farey-Stern-Brocot sequence. We show that \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${{\mathfrak{A}}}$$\end{document} coincides with the AF algebra \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${{\mathfrak{M_{1}}}}$$\end{document} introduced by the present author in 1988. As proved in that paper (Adv. Math., vol.68.1), the K0-group of \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathfrak{A}}$$\end{document} is the lattice-ordered abelian group \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathcal{M}_{1}}$$\end{document} of piecewise linear functions on the unit interval, each piece having integer coefficients, with the constant 1 as the distinguished order unit. Using the elementary properties of \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\mathcal{M}_{1}}$$\end{document} we can give short proofs of several results in Boca’s paper. We also prove many new results: among others, \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${{\mathfrak{A}}}$$\end{document} is a *-subalgebra of Glimm universal algebra, tracial states of \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${{\mathfrak{A}}}$$\end{document} are in one-one correspondence with Borel probability measures on the unit real interval, all primitive ideals of \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${{\mathfrak{A}}}$$\end{document} are essential. We describe the automorphism group of \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${{\mathfrak{A}}}$$\end{document} . For every primitive ideal I of \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${{{\mathfrak{A}}}}$$\end{document} we compute K0(I) and \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${{K_{0}(\mathfrak{A}/I)}}$$\end{document}.

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