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Review on nanocomposites based on aerospace applications

Authors
  • Bhat, Aayush1
  • Budholiya, Sejal1
  • Aravind Raj, Sakthivel1
  • Sultan, Mohamed Thariq Hameed2, 3, 4
  • Hui, David5
  • Md Shah, Ain Umaira2
  • Safri, Syafiqah Nur Azrie3
  • 1 Department of Manufacturing Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu, 632014 , (India)
  • 2 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang , (Malaysia)
  • 3 Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang , (Malaysia)
  • 4 Aerospace Malaysia Innovation Centre (944751-A), Prime Minister’s Department, MIGHT Partnership Hub, Jalan Impact, 63000 Cyberjaya , (Malaysia)
  • 5 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of New Orleans, United States of America , (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nanotechnology Reviews
Publisher
De Gruyter
Publication Date
Apr 28, 2021
Volume
10
Issue
1
Pages
237–253
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/ntrev-2021-0018
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Review Article
License
Green

Abstract

Advanced materials were used and are being implemented in structural, mechanical, and high-end applications. Contemporary materials are used and being implemented in structural, mechanical, and high-end applications. Composites have several major capabilities, some of them being able to resist fatigue, corrosion-resistance, and production of lightweight components with almost no compromise to the reliability, etc. Nanocomposites are a branch of materials within composites, known for their greater mechanical properties than regular composite materials. The use of nanocomposites in the aerospace industry currently faces a research gap, mainly identifying the future scope for application. Most successes in the aerospace industry are because of the use of suitable nanocomposites. This review article highlights the various nanocomposite materials and their properties, manufacturing methods, and their application, with key emphasis on exploiting their advanced and immense mechanical properties in the aerospace industry. Aerospace structures have used around 120,000 materials; herein, nanocomposites such as MgB2, multi-walled carbon nanotubes, and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene/montmorillonite nanocomposites are discussed, and these highlight properties such as mechanical strength, durability, flame retardancy, chemical resistance, and thermal stability in the aerospace application for lightweight spacecraft structures, coatings against the harsh climate of the space environment, and development of microelectronic subsystems.

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