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A review of the fate of engineered nanomaterials in municipal solid waste streams.

  • Part, Florian1
  • Berge, Nicole2
  • Baran, Paweł3
  • Stringfellow, Anne4
  • Sun, Wenjie5
  • Bartelt-Hunt, Shannon6
  • Mitrano, Denise7
  • Li, Liang8
  • Hennebert, Pierre9
  • Quicker, Peter3
  • Bolyard, Stephanie C10
  • Huber-Humer, Marion1
  • 1 Department of Water-Atmosphere-Environment, Institute of Waste Management, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Muthgasse 107, 1190 Vienna, Austria. , (Austria)
  • 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Carolina, 300 Main Street, Columbia, SC 29208, United States. Electronic address: [email protected] , (United States)
  • 3 Unit of Technologies of Fuels, RWTH Aachen University, Wüllnerstraße 2, 52062 Aachen, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 4 Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, SO17 1BJ, Southampton, England, United Kingdom. , (United Kingdom)
  • 5 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Southern Methodist University, 3101 Dyer Street, Dallas, TX 75205, United States. , (United States)
  • 6 Department of Civil Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1110 S. 67th St., Omaha, NE 68182-0178, United States. , (United States)
  • 7 Process Engineering, Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Überlandstrasse 133, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland. , (Switzerland)
  • 8 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Carolina, 300 Main Street, Columbia, SC 29208, United States. , (United States)
  • 9 National Institute for Industrial and Environmental Risk Assessment (INERIS), BP 33, 13545 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 4, France. , (France)
  • 10 Environmental Research & Education Foundation, 3301 Benson Drive, Suite 101, Raleigh, NC 27609, United States. , (United States)
Published Article
Waste management (New York, N.Y.)
Publication Date
May 01, 2018
DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2018.02.012
PMID: 29477652


Significant knowledge and data gaps associated with the fate of product-embedded engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) in waste management processes exist that limit our current ability to develop appropriate end-of-life management strategies. This review paper was developed as part of the activities of the IWWG ENMs in Waste Task Group. The specific objectives of this review paper are to assess the current knowledge associated with the fate of ENMs in commonly used waste management processes, including key processes and mechanisms associated with ENM fate and transport in each waste management process, and to use that information to identify the data gaps and research needs in this area. Literature associated with the fate of ENMs in wastes was reviewed and summarized. Overall, results from this literature review indicate a need for continued research in this area. No work has been conducted to quantify ENMs present in discarded materials and an understanding of ENM release from consumer products under conditions representative of those found in relevant waste management process is needed. Results also indicate that significant knowledge gaps associated with ENM behaviour exist for each waste management process investigated. There is a need for additional research investigating the fate of different types of ENMs at larger concentration ranges with different surface chemistries. Understanding how changes in treatment process operation may influence ENM fate is also needed. A series of specific research questions associated with the fate of ENMs during the management of ENM-containing wastes have been identified and used to direct future research in this area. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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