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A review on fabrication of nanofibers via electrospinning and their applications

Authors
  • Islam, Md Shariful1, 2
  • Ang, Bee Chin1
  • Andriyana, Andri1
  • Afifi, Amalina Muhammad1
  • 1 University of Malaya, Centre of Advanced Materials, Faculty of Engineering, Kuala Lumpur, 50603, Malaysia , Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
  • 2 University of New South Wales, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia , Sydney (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
SN Applied Sciences
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Publication Date
Sep 20, 2019
Volume
1
Issue
10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s42452-019-1288-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

In the history of modern science, nanotechnology accomplished the most attraction by the researchers as nanomaterials exhibit novel and significantly improved properties in term of physical, chemical, and biological properties and they can be modified accordingly. These are mainly because there is an increase in surface area as compared to volume as particles get smaller. Electrospinning is one of the most suitable method for producing continuous nanomaterials with varying physical, chemical and biological properties. In this review paper we discussed the theory and the experimental setup of electrospinning along with the history of this process. We also review on the effect of parameters (solution, processing and ambient) on the fiber morphology and the potential applications of electrospun nanofibers. This is followed by geometrical, chemical, physical and mechanical characterization procedure of electrospun nanofiber.

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