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Reverse End-to-Side Anterior Interosseous Nerve-to-Ulnar Motor Transfer for Severe Ulnar Neuropathy.

Authors
  • Doherty, Christopher D1
  • Miller, Thomas A
  • Larocerie-Salgado, Juliana
  • Byers, Brett A
  • Ross, Douglas C
  • 1 London, Ontario, Canada From the Roth McFarlane Hand and Upper Limb Centre and the Peripheral Nerve Clinic, Western University. , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Plastic and reconstructive surgery
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2020
Volume
146
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000007059
PMID: 32842108
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Reverse end-to-side anterior interosseous nerve transfer has been reported to enhance treatment of severe, proximal ulnar neuropathy. The authors report on patients with severe neuropathy treated with ulnar nerve transposition and distal reverse end-to-side anterior interosseous nerve transfer. Thirty patients with severe ulnar neuropathy at the elbow were reviewed. Clinical parameters included preoperative and postoperative Medical Research Council muscle strength, clawing, and degree of wasting. Electrodiagnostic data included compound motor action potential and sensory nerve action potential amplitudes. Summary statistics were used for demographic and clinical data. The t test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used where appropriate. Average follow-up was 18.6 months. Preoperatively, 20 patients had Medical Research Council less than or equal to grade 1 in hand intrinsics, small finger sensory nerve action potentials were absent in all patients except for three, and average compound motor action potentials were severely reduced (absent in nearly 40 percent) confirming severity. All groups had a statistically significant increase in strength. More than three-quarters of patients noted partial or complete resolution of clawing and intrinsic muscle wasting. Seventy-three percent of patients regained Medical Research Council greater than or equal to grade 3 and 47 percent achieved Medical Research Council greater than or equal to grade 4. Mean time to observation of nascent units was 8.5 months, and 77 percent of patients demonstrated an augmentation of motor unit numbers with forearm pronation on needle electromyography CONCLUSION:: Proximal subcutaneous ulnar nerve transposition when combined with reverse end-to-side anterior interosseous nerve-to-ulnar nerve transfer demonstrates significant clinical and electrodiagnostic improvement of intrinsic muscle function. Therapeutic, IV.

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