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Return to sport and daily life activities after vertebral body tethering for AIS: analysis of the sport activity questionnaire

  • Baroncini, Alice1, 2
  • Trobisch, Per David2
  • Berrer, Angelika2
  • Kobbe, Philipp1
  • Tingart, Markus1
  • Eschweiler, Jörg1
  • Da Paz, Stephanie2
  • Migliorini, Filippo1
  • 1 University Clinic Aachen, RWTH Aachen University Clinic,
  • 2 Department of Spine Surgery, Eifelklinik St. Brigida, Simmerath, Germany
Published Article
European Spine Journal
Publication Date
Feb 27, 2021
DOI: 10.1007/s00586-021-06768-6
PMID: 33638722
PMCID: PMC7912966
PubMed Central


Purpose Vertebral body tethering (VBT) is an alternative to fusion for selected scoliosis patients. As VBT does not limit spine mobility, it has been propagated that this technique allows a quicker return to physical activity than fusion. However, no data are available to support this statement. Aim of this study was to quantify how much time patients required to resume preoperative activity level and to seek possible associations between return to physical activity and demographic, radiographic and surgical data. Methods One year postoperatively, the validated sport activity questionnaire (SAQ) was administered to all skeletally immature patients who underwent VBT at our institution. SAQ data were analyzed and a multivariate analysis was conducted to investigate associations between SAQ and demographic, radiographic and surgical data. Results Thirty-one patients aged 14.5 years completed the SAQ. Within 3 months from VBT, 97% returned to school, 61% resumed physical education, 97% carried a backpack, 68% run, and 82% rode a bike; 70% bent within a month from VBT. Ninety-four percent of patients returned to their preoperative athletic level. Within 3 months, 63% of responders resumed noncontact, 61% contact and 53% collision sports. No relevant associations were observed between the SAQ and demographic, radiographic and surgical data. In particular, number of instrumented vertebrae, level of the lowest instrumented vertebra and postoperative Cobb angle did not influence patients’ return to preoperative activities. Conclusion VBT allows patients to quickly return to their preoperative activity level, irrespectively of the postoperative Cobb angle or type of instrumentation.

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