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Retrospective study of the success of dental implants placed in HIV-positive patients

Authors
  • Rubinstein, Nadine Cordero1, 2
  • Jacobson, Zhimon3, 2
  • McCausland, Gail Link4, 2
  • Dibart, Serge4, 2
  • 1 University of Maryland School of Dentistry, 650 W. Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA , Baltimore (United States)
  • 2 Boston University, Boston, MA, USA , Boston (United States)
  • 3 Boston University, GSDM, Department of Restorative Sciences & Biomaterials, Boston, USA , Boston (United States)
  • 4 Boston University, Department of Periodontology, Boston, USA , Boston (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication Date
Jun 13, 2019
Volume
5
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40729-019-0174-6
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundData related to HIV-positive patients with dental implants is short-termed and limited. Recent data showed that both HIV and antiretroviral therapy (ART) could lead to low bone mineral density (BMD). The aim of this study was to determine the success rate of dental implants in HIV-positive patients.Materials and methodsDental files of 67 HIV-positive patients were selected and reviewed retrospectively, and 18 subjects agreed to return for examination. All implants were evaluated using periapical radiographs that were calibrated to measure bone loss. Crestal bone loss, mobility, and lack of infection were the parameters used to determine implant success.ResultsAll dental implants evaluated lacked mobility and infection. Bone loss averaged 0.5 mm in 3.6 years. Subjects were consistent with maintenance and oral hygiene.ConclusionsWithin the limitations of this study, the results suggest that the placement of dental implants on HIV-positive patients is safe and effective.

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