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Retirement savings guidelines for residents of emerging market countries

Authors
  • Meng, Channarith
  • Pfau, Wade Donald1
  • 1 National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS), 7-22-1 Roppongi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 106-8677, Japan , Minato-ku (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pensions: An International Journal
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan UK
Publication Date
Nov 30, 2011
Volume
16
Issue
4
Pages
256–265
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1057/pm.2011.23
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Most literature about retirement planning treats the working (accumulation) and retirement (decumulation) phases separately. The traditional approach decides on a safe withdrawal rate, uses it to derive a wealth accumulation target and then calculates the savings rate required to achieve this wealth target. Because low sustainable withdrawal rates tend to occur after bull markets, such a formulation will push individuals toward unnecessarily high savings rates to attain their desired retirement spending goals, reducing their feasible lifestyle before retirement. By jointly considering both phases of retirement planning, this study provides savings rate guidelines for individuals in 25 emerging market countries. The savings rates calculated here are those that provide an adequate success rate in financing desired retirement expenditures using bootstrapped Monte Carlo simulations. For many emerging market countries, these savings rates will be high, given the high volatility of returns for savings instruments and the inflationary environment. Starting to save early and using a relatively low stock allocation, a finding that contrasts with studies about the United States, provide the lowest necessary savings rate for a given probability of success.

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