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Retinal analog study of the role of steric interactions in the excited state isomerization dynamics of rhodopsin.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemistry
Publication Date
Volume
35
Issue
50
Pages
16230–16240
Identifiers
PMID: 8973196
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The role of intramolecular steric interactions in the isomerization of the 11-cis-retinal chromophore in the photoreceptor protein rhodopsin is examined with resonance Raman and CD spectroscopy combined with quantum yield experiments. The resonance Raman spectra and CD spectra of 13-demethylrhodopsin indicate that its chromophore, an analog in which the nonbonded interaction between the 10-H and the 13-CH3 groups is removed, is less distorted in the C10...C13 region than the native chromophore. The reduced torsional and hydrogen-out-of-plane resonance Raman intensities further indicate that the excited state potential energy surface has a much shallower slope along the isomerization coordinate. This is consistent with the decrease in quantum yield from 0.67 in rhodopsin to 0.47 in 13-demethylrhodopsin. The resonance Raman intensities show that the steric twist is reintroduced by addition of a methyl group at the C10 position. However, the quantum yield of 10-methyl-13-demethylrhodopsin is found to be only 0.35. This is attributed to nonisomorphous protein-analog interactions. The nonbonded interaction between the 10-hydrogen and the 13-methyl group in 11-cis-retinal makes this isomer particularly effective as the light-sensing chromophore in all visual pigments.

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