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Resveratrol Supplementation Protects Against Nicotine-Induced Kidney Injury.

Authors
  • Ramalingam, Anand1
  • Santhanathas, Thulasiprevinnah1, 2
  • Shaukat Ali, Shafreena1
  • Zainalabidin, Satirah1
  • 1 Programme of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, Kuala Lumpur 50300, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
  • 2 Institut Latihan Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia, Jalan Pahang, Kuala Lumpur 50588, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Nov 12, 2019
Volume
16
Issue
22
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16224445
PMID: 31726798
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Prolonged exposure to nicotine accelerates onset and progression of renal diseases in habitual cigarette smokers. Exposure to nicotine, either via active or passive smoking is strongly shown to enhance renal oxidative stress and augment kidney failure in various animal models. In this study, we investigated the effects of resveratrol supplementation on nicotine-induced kidney injury and oxidative stress in a rat model. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given nicotine (0.6 mg/kg, i.p.) alone or in combination with either resveratrol (8 mg/kg, i.p.), or angiotensin II type I receptor blocker, irbesartan (10 mg/kg, p.o.) for 28 days. Upon completion of treatment, kidneys were investigated for changes in structure, kidney injury markers and oxidative stress. Administration of nicotine alone for 28 days resulted in significant renal impairment as shown by marked increase in plasma creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and oxidative stress. Co-administration with resveratrol however successfully attenuated these changes, with a concomitant increase in renal antioxidants such as glutathione similar to the conventionally used angiotensin II receptor blocker, irbesartan. These data altogether suggest that targeting renal oxidative stress with resveratrol could alleviate nicotine-induced renal injury. Antioxidants may be clinically important for management of renal function in habitual smokers.

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