Lung cancer is traditionally more prevalent in the elderly patients, men, and smokers. However, as low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) is increasingly popular, we hypothesized the disease spectrum might change. LDCT was performed as a part of regular health examinations in 8392 of 15,686 employees from 6 hospitals in different regions of China in 2012 to 2018. Clinicopathologic characteristics, including age, sex, smoking status, radiologic features, tumor histology, and pathologic stage, were retrospectively analyzed. LDCT incidentally detected lung cancer (pathologically confirmed) in a total of 179 (2.1%) hospital employees. The lung cancer detection rate was significantly greater in female than male (2.5% vs 1.3%, P = .001) patients. There was also a greater detection rate among nonsmokers than smokers, although statistical significance was not reached (2.2% vs 1.4%, P = .092). The lung cancer detection rate was 1.0% in the "age ≤40 years" group, 2.6% in the "40 < age ≤55 years" group, and 2.9% in the "age >55 years" group (P < .001). Among the hospital employees with lung cancer, 171 (95.5%) presented as ground-glass opacity, 177 (98.9%) were lung adenocarcinoma, 170 (95.0%) were early stage 0/IA, and 177 (98.9%) received curative surgical resection as the initial treatment. After a median follow-up of 38 months, no disease recurrence or death was observed among these patients. LDCT detected lung cancer in a significant proportion of young, female, and nonsmoking employees. The vast majority of these lung cancers were early stage, with extremely good prognosis. Copyright © 2019 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.