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Restoring the Reactivity of Organic Acid Solution Used for Silver Recovery from Solar Cells by Fractional Distillation

Authors
  • lee, jun-kyu
  • lee, jin-seok
  • ahn, young-soo
  • kang, gi-hwan
Publication Date
Jul 03, 2019
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/su11133659
OAI: oai:mdpi.com:/2071-1050/11/13/3659/
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Methanesulfonic acid (MSA) is used to recover silver (Ag) from solar cells by adding an oxidizing agent. It is possible to regenerate by substituting of H+ for Ag+, and thus it can be reused for additional reactions. However, MSA is highly hygroscopic, and as an oxidizing agent can easily decompose in the acidic environment during Ag extraction, leading to dilution due to the formation of H2O. This H2O in the MSA solution hinders the Ag extraction. In this study, we present a fractional distillation process for restoring the reactivity of reused MSA solutions by reducing the H2O content. Our results showed that the reactivity of the separated MSA was restored and Ag could be recovered from the solar cell.

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