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Respiratory syncytial virus envelope glycoprotein (G) has a novel structure.

Authors
  • Satake, M
  • Coligan, J E
  • Elango, N
  • Norrby, E
  • Venkatesan, S
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nucleic acids research
Publication Date
Nov 11, 1985
Volume
13
Issue
21
Pages
7795–7812
Identifiers
PMID: 4069997
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Amino acid sequence of human respiratory syncytial virus envelope glycoprotein (G) was deduced from the DNA sequence of a recombinant plasmid and confirmed by limited amino acid microsequencing of purified 90K G protein. The calculated molecular mass of the protein encoded by the only long open reading frame of 298 amino acids was 32,588 daltons and was somewhat smaller than the 36K polypeptide translated in vitro from mRNA selected by this plasmid. Inspection of the sequence revealed a single hydrophobic domain of 23 amino acids capable of membrane insertion at 41 residues from the N-terminus. There was no N-terminal signal sequence and the hydrophilic N-terminal 20 residues probably represent the cytoplasmic tail of the protein. The N-terminally oriented membrane insertion was somewhat analogous to paramyxovirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and influenza neuraminidase (NA). The protein was moderately hydrophilic and rich in hydroxy-amino acids. It was both N- and O-glycosylated with the latter contributing significantly to the net molecular mass 90K.

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