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[Resistance of causative agents of uncomplicated urinary tract infections in Russia].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Urologii︠a︡ (Moscow, Russia : 1999)
Publication Date
Issue
5
Pages
34–37
Identifiers
PMID: 17444150
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A prospective epidemiological study of the spectrum of causative agents (CA) of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) in adult patients and CA resistance to antimicrobial drugs was conducted in nine cities of the Russian Federation in 2004-2005. Minimum inhibiting concentrations were ascertained by dilution in agar according to NCCLS (2000-2002) recommendations. The study has found that uncomplicated UTI are most frequently caused by E.coli (73.9%). Other CA occur much less frequently: K.pneumoniae--6.4%, E. faecalis--4.4%, S. epidermidis--4.1%, Staphylococcus spp--3.4%, others--2% patients. E. coli demonstrated high resistance to ampicilline (33.1%), co-trimoxasol (19.4%). Most active against E. coli were fluoroquinolones (norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacine), the resistance being 4.8%; cefalosporins of the second and third generation (cefuroxim, ceftibuten), nitrofurantoin, no resistant strains were found.

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