The effects of acute exercise on myocardial content of glut-1 and glut-4 transporters, insulin and IGF-1 receptors were assessed in control and chronically exercised 24-month-old C57B1/6 mice. Myocardial glut-1, glut-4, insulin receptor (Ins R) and insulin like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1 R) protein levels were unaffected by 36 weeks of chronic exercise. However, myocardial protein content of glut-1, but not glut-4, was increased 12 h following an acute exercise bout in control (46%) and chronically exercised (83%) aged animals. This increased glut-1 response following acute exercise occurred despite the finding that the chronic exercise failed to increase cardiac or skeletal muscle oxidative capacity as indicated by no change in citrate synthase activity. Myocardial IGF-1 R content was unaffected by acute exercise whereas Ins R protein content was decreased 12 h following the acute exercise bout in the chronically exercised (-52%) and control (-28%) animals. The effect of acute exercise on the protein content of glut-1 and Ins R was 80 and 84% greater respectively, in the chronically exercised animals. This suggests that the amplitude of the expression of these two proteins may be increased by chronic exercise, thus constituting a form of adaptation.