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Residual coronary stenoses and calculated transstenotic gradients after intravenous streptokinase versus tissue plasminogen activator.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
American Heart Journal
0002-8703
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
123
Issue
1
Pages
7–14
Identifiers
PMID: 1729852
Source
Medline

Abstract

To compare the relative success of intravenous streptokinase (STK) and tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) on the severity of residual infarct-related coronary stenoses, we evaluated 45 patients receiving thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction. Twenty-three patients (18 men and 5 women) received STK (1.5 million units), while 22 patients (18 men and 4 women) received TPA (100 mg) within 6 hours of chest discomfort. Cardiac catheterization was performed before hospital discharge (8 days) with quantitative coronary arteriography and estimation of transstenotic pressure gradients using fluid dynamic equations. Although angina pectoris was equally common (STK, 7 of 23 [30%] versus TPA, 5 of 22 [23%], p = NS), recurrent infarction (STK, 3 of 23 [13%] versus TPA, 7 of 22 [32%], p less than 0.05) and coronary angioplasty (STK, 2 of 23 [9%] versus TPA, 7 of 22 [32%], p less than 0.05) were more frequent in those receiving TPA. Infarct-related coronary patency was greater in TPA-treated subjects (STK, 15 of 23 [65%] versus TPA, 19 of 22 [86%], p less than 0.05), although minimum stenotic diameter (STK, 0.77 +/- 0.48 mm versus TPA, 0.57 +/- 0.38 mm, p less than 0.05), and calculated transstenotic pressure gradient (STK, 8.7 +/- 17.0 mm Hg versus TPA, 23.7 +/- 30.2 mm Hg, p less than 0.05) suggested severe residual stenosis. These effects were accentuated at elevated coronary flow velocities (8 to 20 cm/sec).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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