The relation between simian virus 40 (SV40) input multiplicity during transformation of primary mouse kidney cultures and the subsequent rescue of SV40 from clonal lines of transformed cells has been studied. Primary mouse kidney cultures were transformed with unirradiated SV40 at input multiplicities varying from 0.06 to 200 plaque-forming units (PFU) /cell or with SV40 irradiated with ultraviolet (UV) light to a survival of 0.04 to 0.01. All of the transformed lines contained the intranuclear SV40 T antigen, but cell-free extracts prepared from the transformed cell lines failed to yield infectious virus when assayed on monkey kidney cell (CV-1) monolayers. After fusion with susceptible CV-1 cells induced by UV-inactivated Sendai, all of the lines transformed by unirradiated virus yielded infectious SV40. The frequency of induction and the incidence of successful trials did not depend on the multiplicity of infection. “Good” yielders were obtained from mouse kidney cells transformed at the low input multiplicity of 0.06 PFU /cell. In contrast, only 4 of 12 clonal lines transformed at moderately low input multiplicity, and none of the lines transformed at very low input multiplicity with UV-irradiated virus yielded infectious SV40. The four positive lines have been classified as “poor” or “rare” yielders.