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Requirement of cell-cell contact in the induction of Jurkat T cell apoptosis: the membrane-anchored but not soluble form of FasL can trigger anti-CD3-induced apoptosis in Jurkat T cells.

Authors
  • Oyaizu, N
  • Kayagaki, N
  • Yagita, H
  • Pahwa, S
  • Ikawa, Y
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemical and biophysical research communications
Publication Date
Sep 18, 1997
Volume
238
Issue
2
Pages
670–675
Identifiers
PMID: 9299572
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Fas ligand (FasL) has been shown to be processed by the action of certain metalloproteinase and released from the cell surface. However, it is unclear whether death of Fas-sensitive target cells is mediated by a membrane-bound form of FasL (mFasL) or by a soluble form of FasL (sFasL). In the present study, we demonstrated that JCaM, a p56lck-deficient mutant of Jurkat, underwent Fas-dependent apoptosis only upon physical contact with anti-CD3-stimulated Jurkat cells or with human FasL- expressing transfectant (hFas/L5178Y). Recombinant FasL or sFasL-containing supernatant failed to induce apoptosis in both Jurkat and JCaM. Moreover, addition of a metalloproteinase inhibitor, which led to the accumulation of mFasL in hFas/L5178Y, was found to augment apoptosis in both Jurkat and JCaM. These findings indicate that, in a physiologic setting represented by the activation-induced cell death in Jurkat T cells, cell-cell contact appears to be required for the induction of Fas-mediated killing.

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