India's program of Maternal and Child Health (MCH) underwent nomenclature changes first to the program of MCH and Family Planning, then to MCH and Family Welfare (FW). Short-term policy and management changes produced positive results. However, once the MCH and FW program was launched, it became clear that the survival of mother and child is of high priority. Therefore, under the direction of UNICEF/World Health Organization and the government of India, the MCH and FW program was renamed as the Child Survival and Safe Motherhood (CSSM) program. CSSM included all components and issues of MCH, FW, and survival. However, not included are the early detection of cervical carcinoma, the prevention of infertility, the prevention of AIDS, sex education, the prevention of unwanted pregnancies, breast feeding, referral services, and women development. The name of the program should therefore again be changed to "Reproductive Health."