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Reproducibility and validity of a Yan-style portable citric acid cough challenge.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
1094-5539
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
18
Issue
3
Pages
177–180
Identifiers
PMID: 15707851
Source
Medline

Abstract

Although many different methods of measuring cough reflex sensitivity have been published, few are simple enough to use outside of a hospital or laboratory environment. The aim of this study was to develop a simple, quick, and portable cough challenge, assess its reproducibility, and compare its results with those measured by an existing established hospital protocol. Twenty-five volunteers performed cough challenges based on an established hospital dosimeter protocol, and, on a separate occasion, by a protocol inhaling citric acid from DeVilbiss 40 hand-held nebulisers (citric acid concentrations of 10-3000 mM). Reproducibility of the hand-held cough challenge was assessed in 11 volunteers. Cough thresholds were consistently higher by the hand-held method than by the hospital dosimeter method. The geometric mean citric acid concentrations causing two coughs (threshold D2) were 3.14 and 2.77 log mM, respectively (p<0.001). The geometric mean (95% CI) difference between the tests was 0.51 log mM (0.18-0.83) of the average of the two values. Cough D2 thresholds attained by the two techniques did, however, show significant correlation (r=0.95, p<0.0001). The coefficient of repeatability for the hand-held method was 0.40 log mM. Administering citric acid from DeVilbiss 40 hand-held nebulisers offers a rapid, portable, and reproducible cough challenge in healthy volunteers. The results correlate well with an existing Mefar dosimeter challenge, but give two to three times greater cough thresholds.

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