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Reproducibility of subjectively graded voluntary isometric muscle strength in unilateral and simultaneous bilateral exertion.

Authors
  • Seki, T
  • Ohtsuki, T
Type
Published Article
Journal
Ergonomics
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1995
Volume
38
Issue
9
Pages
1867–1876
Identifiers
PMID: 7671864
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Reproduction error of voluntary isometric muscle strength that was graded subjectively by the subject was investigated under unilateral and bilateral conditions. Six kinds of tasks, i.e. elbow flexion, elbow extension, hand grip, second digit abduction, knee extension and leg extension were employed. It was clear that absolute error (AE) increased with increase of exerted muscle strength in both unilateral and bilateral conditions. Mean of AE in each task was 4-5% of maximal muscle strength in the task in unilateral conditions. Algebraic or constant error (CE) decreased with increase of exerted strength. Demands for smaller strength tended to overshoot and larger ones tended to undershoot. In bilateral conditions when the different levels of strength for each limb were required to be exerted, AE on the weaker side tended to be larger than that in unilateral conditions. Thus a possibility that magnitude of AE might be affected by amount of attention was suggested. The subjectively graded criterion strength for a specific required level, when the strength was expressed as relative to the maximal strength, was almost the same in every task within a subject although it was different between subjects. It is suggested that each subject might have an awareness of relative magnitude of exerted strength.

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