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The replicon initiation burst released by reoxygenation of hypoxic T24 cells is accompanied by changes of MCM2 and Cdc7.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of biochemistry and molecular biology
Publication Date
Volume
40
Issue
5
Pages
805–813
Identifiers
PMID: 17927916
Source
Medline

Abstract

Although MCM2 is obviously important for the initiation of eukaryotic DNA replication, its role in O2 dependent regulation of replicon initiation is poorly understood. In this report, I analysed the changes of MCM2 during the transition from hypoxically suppressed replicon initiation to the burst of initiation triggered by reoxygenation in T24 cells. A high level of chromatin bound and nucleosolic MCM2 was found under the hypoxic replicon arrest. In contrast low cytosolic MCM2 was noticed. Recovery of O2 induced phosphorylation and diminution of chromatin bound MCM2, whereas cytosolic MCM2 increased. The level of chromatin bound Cdc7 did not change significantly upon reoxygenation. However, after reoxygenation, significant phosphorylation of Cdc7 and an increase of coimmunoprecipitation with its substrate (MCM2) were observed. This provides a hint that reoxygenation may promote the kinase activity of Cdc7. These changes might be the critical factors in O2 dependent regulation of replicon initiation. Moreover, phosphorylation of Cdc7 by Cdk2 can be observed in vitro, but seems to fail to regulate the level of chromatin bound Cdc7 as well as the changes of MCM2 in response to reoxygenation of hypoxically suppressed cells.

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