The results of treatment of chronic ligamentous insufficiency of the lateral hindfoot using plantaris tendon grafting (52 ankles) or peroneal tenodesis (128 ankles) were compared with an average followup of 66 months. In two-thirds of all cases an instability of the subtalar joint was present, isolated or combined with an instability of the talocrural joint. The overall outcome with both methods was good, but the results after plantaris repair were slightly more favorable. This fact is underlined by the frequency of reoperations: 1.9% after plantaris repair compared with 9.4% after peroneal tenodesis. We conclude that plantaris repair is the method of choice.