The removal of 3-methyladenine and 7-methylguanine from nuclear DNA was determined following exposure of Chlamydomonas reinhardi to methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). The amount of 3-methyladenine in DNA was determined using an extract from Micrococcus luteus that has a 3-methyladenine-DNA glycosylase. The amount of 7-methylguanine was estimated by heating the DNA for 30 min at 70 degrees followed by alkaline hydrolysis of the resulting apurinic sites. The molecular weight of the DNA was determined using alkaline sucrose gradients. The 3-methyladenine is removed with a half-life of 2--3 h whereas the 7-methylguanine is removed with a half-life of 10--12 h. The rate of removal of the 7-methylguanine is more than an order of magnitude faster than the estimated non-enzymatic hydrolysis rate indicating the probability of enzymatic repair. Addition of cycloheximide immediately after MMS treatment inhibits the removal of 3-methyladenine and 7-methylguanine from DNA. If cycloheximide is added 1.5 h after treatment with MMS, there is much less inhibition of the removal of 3-methyladenine. These results are interpreted to mean that MMS induces the synthesis of 1 or more proteins that are required for the repair of 3-methyladenine from Chlamydomonas DNA.