An 88-year-old Japanese man received bevacizumab for colorectal cancer with liver and peritoneal metastasis, during which nephrotic range proteinuria occurred (7.66 g/day). Renal biopsy showed endothelial damage with subendothelial swelling and a double contour of the glomerular basement membrane, which indicated a diagnosis of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). After bevacizumab was stopped, proteinuria decreased to 1 g/day. During the clinical course, this patient had no extrarenal manifestations. This case suggests that renal injury induced by bevacizumab is characterized by nephrotic range proteinuria and histological TMA, and is a renal-limited condition that differs from systemic TMA related to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.