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Renal calculi and their management.

Authors
  • Melick, R A
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Medical journal of Australia
Publication Date
Mar 06, 1976
Volume
1
Issue
10
Pages
308–310
Identifiers
PMID: 1272102
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Any patient presenting with renal colic requires the taking of a detailed history-- with inquiries about diet and drugs, an examination of the urine, intravenous pyelography and measurement of the calcium concentration in serum and urine. Any stone passed should be analysed. Recurrent stone formation warrants more comprehensive metabolic investigation. The cause of renal calculi in most patients is still not known. When a cause is found, specific treatment can prevent or control stone formation. For the majority in whom no abnormality is detected, various methods of reducing stone formation have been tried but results are disappointing. The most important points in management are the early detection and effective treatment of urinary tract infection or obstruction and the maintenance of a high fluid intake.

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