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Removal of emerging contaminants daidzein and coumestrol from water by nanozeolite beta modified with tetrasubstituted ammonium cation.

Authors
  • Goyal, Nitin1
  • Bulasara, Vijaya Kumar2
  • Barman, Sanghamitra3
  • 1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Thapar University, Patiala 147004, Punjab, India. Electronic address: [email protected] , (India)
  • 2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Thapar University, Patiala 147004, Punjab, India. Electronic address: [email protected] , (India)
  • 3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Thapar University, Patiala 147004, Punjab, India. , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of hazardous materials
Publication Date
Feb 15, 2018
Volume
344
Pages
417–430
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.10.051
PMID: 29096255
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

In present research, a simplistic hydrothermal method was adopted for one-step synthesis of nanozeolite beta (NZB) having an average particle size of 18nm with Si/Al ratio 46.67, surface area 328m2/g, pore volume 0.287cm3/g, and pore diameter 3.5nm. The surface of the synthesized NZB was modified with 0.5wt% hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMA-Br) and used as an adsorbent for the removal of two phytoestrogens daidzein and coumestrol from aqueous solutions. The surface properties and surface charge of NZB considerably changed after modification with HDTMA-Br, which resulted in enhanced removal of daidzein (92-98% from 7 to 27%) and coumestrol (93.5-99% from 5 to 9.2%). The surface modified zeolite beta (SMZB) has similar physical characteristics as of NZB with an average particle size of 20nm, surface area 299.8m2/g, pore volume 0.263cm3/g, and pore diameter 3.51nm. The influence of various parameters was examined by conducting a sequence of batch experiments. The adsorption equilibrium was achieved in less than 3h with saturation capacity of 40.74mg/g and 42.87mg/g for daidzein and coumestrol, respectively. The Freundlich isotherm and fractional order kinetic models represented the adsorption data very closely. The thermodynamic parameters indicated that sorption of both phytoestrogens onto SMZB is spontaneous and exothermic.

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