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Release and recovery of porcine pepsin and bovine chymosin from reverse micelles: a new technique based on isopropyl alcohol addition.

Authors
  • Carlson, A
  • Nagarajan, R
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biotechnology Progress
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1992
Volume
8
Issue
1
Pages
85–90
Identifiers
PMID: 1367895
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

After complete solubilization by the direct method, porcine pepsin was not released from AOT in isooctane reverse micelles even under aqueous-phase conditions which would not ordinarily allow uptake. Similarly, bovine chymosin, once forward-transferred at a pH below its isoelectric point, was not back-transferred into an aqueous contact phase buffered at a pH value above its isoelectric point. These results show that there is significant hysteresis in the forward- and backward-transfer processes and further imply that kinetics, and not equilibrium, control uptake or release processes for these enzymes. The addition of 10-15% isopropyl alcohol to the aqueous phase increases the rate of protein release dramatically and allows for nearly complete back-transfer of porcine pepsin and 70% back-transfer of bovine chymosin. IPA addition does not destroy the functional integrity of the system since forward transfer of bovine chymosin still occurs at pH values below (but not above) the pI of the protein.

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