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Relationships between talent development environments and mental toughness: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction.

Authors
  • Li, Chunxiao1, 2
  • Martindale, Russell3
  • Sun, Yanlin4
  • 1 a Physical Education and Sports Science Academic Group , Nanyang Technological University , Singapore , Singapore. , (Singapore)
  • 2 b Department of Health and Physical Education , The Education University of Hong Kong , Tai Po , Hong Kong. , (Hong Kong SAR China)
  • 3 c School of Applied Sciences , Edinburgh Napier University , Edinburgh , UK.
  • 4 d School of Physical Education and Educational Science , Tianjin University of Sport , Tianjin , China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Sports Sciences
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2019
Volume
37
Issue
18
Pages
2057–2065
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2019.1620979
PMID: 31126227
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Although the talent development environment and mental toughness are critical for athletes to realise their athletic potential, there is a dearth of literature on whether the talent development environment can enhance mental toughness among those athletes who are identified with athletic potential (i.e., talented athletes). Drawing on self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), this research examined the relationships between the talent development environment, basic psychological needs satisfaction and mental toughness. Talented athletes (n = 261) completed a survey measuring key features of the talent development environment, needs satisfaction and mental toughness. The results of structural equation modelling indicated that three environmental factors (i.e., long-term development focus, holistic quality preparation and communication) were positive predictors of needs satisfaction, which then positively predicted mental toughness. The talent development environment may be considered for promoting talented athletes' mental toughness.

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