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The Relationships Between Reduced Alcohol Use and Decreased Burnout Following Mindfulness-Based Resilience Training in Law Enforcement Officers.

Authors
  • Rehder, Kristoffer1
  • Eddy, Ashley1
  • Kaplan, Josh1
  • Bergman, Aaron1
  • Christopher, Michael1
  • 1 School of Graduate Psychology, Pacific University, Hillsboro, OR, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
Publisher
Mary Ann Liebert
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2021
Volume
27
Issue
11
Pages
984–990
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1089/acm.2021.0052
PMID: 34516760
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective: This study is a secondary analysis of data collected in an earlier clinical trial of mindfulness-based resilience training (MBRT) (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number 02521454), where the MBRT condition demonstrated a significant reduction in self-reported burnout and trend-level reductions in alcohol use in law enforcement officers (LEOs). Given that MBRT is not designed to be a substance use intervention and does not contain explicit substance-related content, this study sought to clarify these findings by exploring whether improved burnout mediates reduced alcohol use. Method: Participants (n = 61) were sworn LEOs (89% male, 85% White, 8% Hispanic/Latinx) recruited from departments in a large urban metro area of the northwestern United States, and were randomized to either MBRT (n = 31) or no intervention control group (n = 30) during the trial. Results: MBRT group assignment predicted reduced burnout (b = 0.43, standard error [SE] = 0.14, p = 0.004), which subsequently predicted reduced alcohol use (b = 1.69, SE = 0.81, p = 0.045). Results suggest that reduced alcohol use was indirectly related to a reduction in burnout post-MBRT. Conclusion: Given that MBRT does not explicitly address substance use, these findings were interpreted to suggest that officers in the training acquired a new set of coping skills to deal with the operational and organizational stressors of police work.

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