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The relationships between the myocardial bridge and ramus interventricularis paraconalis characteristics in lamb and sheep.

Authors
  • Gulmez, Nurhayat1
  • Sah, Huseyin1
  • 1 Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus. , (Cyprus)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Anatomia Histologia Embryologia
Publisher
Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2021
Volume
50
Issue
2
Pages
260–265
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/ahe.12623
PMID: 33009861
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The myocardial bridge (MB) is an anomaly that the myocardial fibres cover on a segment of the subepicardial coronary arteries or their branches in domestic animals and humans. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationships between the characteristics of the MB and ramus interventricularis paraconalis at three levels in lambs and adult sheep. Thirty-three hearts (16 lambs and 17 sheep) were used to determine the MB (length, angle and thickness) and vessel (vessel diameter and thicknesses of tunica intima et media of ramus interventricularis paraconalis) characteristics. Independent-samples t test was applied to compare variables between lambs and sheep. Spearman's correlation analysis was conducted to evaluate the relationships between bridge and vessel characteristics at three bridge levels. Length, angle and thickness of myocardial bridges were not significantly different between the lambs and sheep (p > .05). The mean length, angle and thickness were 24.9 ± 16.1 mm, 113.7 ± 11.2° and 1,098 ± 555 µm in 33 hearts, respectively. In lambs, the mean vessel diameters were 1,930 ± 742 µm (1,534-2,325 µm), 1,247 ± 665 µm (893-1,601 µm) and 865 ± 172 µm (774-957 µm) at the pre-bridge, bridge and post-bridge levels, respectively. In sheep, the mean vessel diameters in the same order were 1,861 ± 1,068 µm, 1,337 ± 308 µm and 1,287 ± 549 µm. The bridge prevalence was 100% in the samples examined. In conclusion, coronary arterial diseases related to myocardial bridge should not be expected in sheep for veterinary cardiology practice. It may also be concluded that the cross-breeds of the Awassi and Chios sheep may be useful in experimental studies related to myocardial bridge surgery. © 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

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