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Relationship of perceived job strain and workplace support to antenatal depressive symptoms among pregnant employees in Taiwan.

Authors
  • Tsai, Su-Ying1
  • 1 a Department of Health Management , I-Shou University , Kaohsiung , Taiwan. , (Taiwan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Women & health
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Volume
59
Issue
1
Pages
55–67
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/03630242.2018.1434590
PMID: 29400627
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Most Taiwanese women continue to work throughout pregnancy. Few studies have investigated the prevalence of antenatal depressive symptoms in employed women and their relationship with work-related factors. We explored the relations of work-related factors, including perceived job strain and workplace support, to depressive symptoms among pregnant Taiwanese employees. During 2015-2016, we interviewed 153 employees in their third trimester of pregnancy using questionnaires to collect data on demographics, pregnancy status, physical conditions, work-related factors, family function, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The prevalence of antenatal depressive symptoms, based on EPDS scores≥13, was 13.7%. Pregnant employees with depressive symptoms had lower Family APGAR scores (p < 0.0001) and lower scores on all scales of the HRQoL (p < 0.05). Controlling for covariates, work-related feelings of stress and distress were associated with increased odds of antenatal depressive symptoms (Odds Ratio [OR] = 4.7, 95% confidence Interval [95% CI] = 1.3-19.9). Feeling tired at work (OR = 9.1, 95% CI = 2.3-47.0) and lack of support from colleagues (OR = 16.7, 95% CI = 2.9-53.1) were significantly associated with antenatal depressive symptoms. Such information will facilitate implementation of supportive workplace climates for pregnant employees by employers, supervisors, and occupational and environmental health nurses, which may help improve the health of pregnant employees.

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