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Relationship of electrochemical oxidation of catechins on their antioxidant activity in microsomal lipid peroxidation.

Authors
  • 1
Type
Published Article
Journal
CHEMICAL & PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN
0009-2363
Publisher
Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Publication Date
Volume
49
Issue
6
Pages
747–751
Identifiers
PMID: 11411529
Source
Medline

Abstract

The oxidation potentials of catechins were measured by employing flow-through column electrolysis. The oxidation potentials of catechins were shown to depend on their structures. At the same time, the antioxidant activity of catechins on NADPH-dependent lipid peroxidation in rat liver microsomes was evaluated. Catechins showed a 50% inhibition of lipid peroxidation in the concentration range of 10-51 microM. Among those studied, galloylated catechins exhibited stronger antioxidant activities than those of nongalloylated catechins. A quantitative relationship has been obtained to describe the antioxidant activity of catechins: log IC50 (microM)= 1.56+2.49E1/2 (V)-0.29 logP (r=0.907), where IC50 represents the concentration for 50% inhibition of lipid peroxidation, E1/2 represents the half-wave potential of the first oxidation wave, and P represents the octanol/water partition coefficient. This relationship suggested two important characteristics determining catechin antioxidant activity, namely the ease of oxidation and the lipophilicity.

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