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The relationship between tooth loss, body mass index, and hypertension in postmenopausal female.

Authors
  • Al-Ahmad, Basma Ezzat Mustafa1
  • Kashmoola, Muhannad Ali2
  • Mustafa, Nazih Shaaban2
  • Hassan, Haszelini2
  • Arzmi, Mohd Hafiz1
  • 1 Department of Fundamental Basic Dental Sciences, Kulliyyah of Dentistry, International Islamic University Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
  • 2 Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Diagnosis, Kulliyyah of Dentistry, International Islamic University Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia. , (Malaysia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
European Journal of Dentistry
Publisher
Medknow Publications
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2018
Volume
12
Issue
1
Pages
120–122
Identifiers
DOI: 10.4103/ejd.ejd_322_17
PMID: 29657536
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between tooth loss and the level of blood pressure with the hypothesis that tooth loss is associated with the increase of hypertension in postmenopausal women. Sixty postmenopausal female patients aged 51-68 years were included in the study to assess the relationship between tooth loss and the level of blood pressure. The information including sociodemographics, last menstruation period, hypertension history, and the duration of having tooth loss was recorded. Blood pressure was measured using sphygmomanometer and the number of tooth loss was determined. The results showed a more significant tooth loss in hypertension (median: 23 + 4; interquartile range [IQR]: 6) compared to the normotension postmenopausal women (median: 18 + 6; IQR: 12; P < 0.05). Furthermore, obese patients had more tooth loss (median: 23 + 5; IQR: 8) than the overweight patients (median: 19 + 8; IQR: 8). Tooth loss is associated with the increase of hypertension in postmenopausal women which may have a role in the development of vascular diseases.

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