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Relationship between Southern Bluefin Tuna, Thunnus maccoyii, melanomacrophage centres and Cardicola spp. (Trematoda: Aporocotylidae) infection.

Authors
  • Widdicombe, Maree1
  • Power, Cecilia1
  • Van Gelderen, Rebecca1
  • Nowak, Barbara F1
  • Bott, Nathan J2
  • 1 Centre for Environmental Sustainability and Remediation, School of Science, RMIT University, Bundoora, 3083, Victoria, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 2 Centre for Environmental Sustainability and Remediation, School of Science, RMIT University, Bundoora, 3083, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Sep 05, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2020.09.004
PMID: 32898655
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Southern Bluefin Tuna (SBT), Thunnus maccoyii, is ranched off Port Lincoln, South Australia and is Australia's second largest economic finfish aquaculture industry. The biggest threats to SBT health identified by the industry are the blood flukes Cardicola forsteri and C. orientalis (Trematoda: Aporocotylidae). Melanomacrophage centres (MMCs) are aggregations of pigmented macrophage like cells present in spleen, kidney and liver of teleost fish. The aim of this study was to quantify MMCs in SBT anterior kidney, liver and spleen to investigate changes in relation to Cardicola spp. Infection. Samples were collected at the end of ranching from pontoons where SBT were treated with PZQ and pontoons with untreated SBT. SBT MMC percentage of surface area cover was highest in SBT spleen and lowest in the liver. Significant positive correlations were identified between SBT MMC area and SBT size in all three organs (p < 0.05). MMC area and parasite infection showed significant positive correlations in the kidney and spleen for Cardicola spp. gill egg counts, and in the kidney for C. forsteri DNA from SBT hearts and gills (p < 0.05). MMCs area increased with increased intensity of Cardicola spp. Infection and MMCs have the potential to be used as an indicator to assess health effects that Cardicola spp. have on SBT. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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