The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between self-esteem, perception of gender, and attitudes towards dating violence among university students. This descriptive study with a correlational and cross-sectional design was conducted with the participation of 686 university students. Mother's educational level, gender, having a dating relationship, being exposed to dating violence in the relationship, perception of gender, self-esteem, and being exposed to/witnessing sexual/domestic violence were determined to be statistically significant predictive factors of the attitudes of the students towards dating violence. Nurses should plan evidence-based and individualized counseling services for young people who are the victims of dating violence by considering possible risk factors. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC.