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Relationship between rearfoot and forefoot orientation and ground reaction forces during running.

Authors
  • Freychat, P
  • Belli, A
  • Carret, J P
  • Lacour, J R
Type
Published Article
Journal
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Publisher
Ovid Technologies (Wolters-Kluwer) - American College of Sports Medicine
Publication Date
Feb 01, 1996
Volume
28
Issue
2
Pages
225–232
Identifiers
PMID: 8775158
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In this study, footprint and ground reaction forces (GRF) were simultaneously recorded from 32 male subjects running barefoot. Angle between the rearfoot and the forefoot in static (alpha S) and in running (alpha R) conditions, and orientation of both, rearfoot (alpha rf) and forefoot (alpha ff) with the direction of running (DOR), were measured and correlated to selected GRF parameters. The dynamic rearfoot/forefoot angle (alpha R) was correlated, positively with arch deformation (r = 0.58, P < 0.001), vertical Fz loading peak (r = 0.60, P < 0.001), mediolateral, and anteroposterior force rates (r = 0.47 and 0.48, P < 0.01), and negatively with stance time (r = -0.41, P < 0.05) and total course of the force application point path (r = -0.71, P < 0.001). Both a medial and a lateral rotation were observed on footprint between the rearfoot and the forefoot in the horizontal plane. A medially rotated forefoot ("closed foot") was associated to a rigid and inverted foot, whereas a laterally rotated forefoot ("open foot") was associated to a flexible and everted foot.

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