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Relationship Between Personality Types in MBTI and Dream Structure Variables.

Authors
  • Zhao, Chuanwen1
  • Wang, Jiaxi1
  • Feng, Xiaoling1
  • Shen, Heyong1
  • 1 School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
11
Pages
1589–1589
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01589
PMID: 32903428
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study aimed to explore relationships between personality type variables and dream structure variables. In the questionnaire experiment (N = 410), we investigated associations between different personality variables in the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator questionnaire (MBTI) and various aspects of dreams in the Mannheim Dream questionnaire (MADRE). The MBTI has four dimensions. In the Extroversion/Introversion (E/I) dimension, I types dreamt more of emotional intensity and passive emotions than E types. In addition, I types may become more distressed in nightmares than E types. E types more frequently shared their dreams with others. In the Sensation/Intuition (S/N) dimension, N types had a more positive attitude toward dreams and can get more novel ideas and help from their dreams than S types. In the dream diary experiment (N = 47), we investigated whether the S/N dimension may influence waking events' incorporation into dreams. External judges decoded paired waking events and dream reports. N types had more metaphorical incorporation than S types. More specifically, N types had more metaphorical expressions in their dreams than S types. This result may be due to the different characteristics between S types and N types. It may provide support for the dream continuity hypothesis. Copyright © 2020 Zhao, Wang, Feng and Shen.

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