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Relationship between inhibition of acetylcholinesterase and response of the rat phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparation to indirect stimulation at higher frequencies.

Authors
  • Heffron, P F
  • Hobbiger, F
Type
Published Article
Journal
British journal of pharmacology
Publication Date
Jun 01, 1979
Volume
66
Issue
2
Pages
323–329
Identifiers
PMID: 465887
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

1 Rat isolated diaphragm preparations were stimulated indirectly either intermittently at 20, 50 or 100 Hz or continuously at 0.2 Hz.2 Addition of 1.8 muM paraoxon (which inhibits acetylcholinesterase by forming a phosphorylated enzyme which undergoes slow spontaneous reactivation) for 5 min to the organ bath produced a failure of the muscle to maintain tetanic tension (tetanic fade, Wedensky inhibition) and potentiated the neuromuscular blocking activity of exogenous acetylcholine. The rates of recovery from both these effects were recorded.3 In a series of experiments with dyflos (which inhibits acetylcholinesterase by forming a phosphorylated enzyme which does not undergo spontaneous reactivation) the relationship between functional acetylcholinesterase activity and neuromuscular blocking activity of exogenous acetylcholine was also determined.4 From the data obtained, the relationship between functional acetylcholinesterase activity and tetanic fade was calculated. These calculations show that (i) a considerable reduction in functional acetylcholinesterase activity is required before the diaphragm loses its ability to respond with a sustained tetanus to indirect stimulation at higher frequencies, (ii) the minimum (critical) level of functional acetylcholinesterase activity required for a normal tetanic response is directly related to the frequency of stimulation and (iii) once functional acetylcholinesterase activity has been reduced to the critical level, a very small further reduction leads to a complete tetanic fade.5 The meaning of functional acetylcholinesterase assays and of conclusions which can be drawn from them, is discussed.

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