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The relation of markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction to the prevalence and progression of diabetic retinopathy: Wisconsin epidemiologic study of diabetic retinopathy.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of Ophthalmology
0003-9950
Publisher
American Medical Association
Publication Date
Volume
127
Issue
9
Pages
1175–1182
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2009.172
PMID: 19752427
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A limited number of markers are associated with increased odds of prevalent retinal outcomes in persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus and kidney disease. Only homocysteine level is associated with ME in those with and without kidney disease. In the absence of kidney disease, the markers do not add to the more conventional descriptors and predictors of DR in persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus. This may reflect the close association of DR and kidney disease in diabetic persons.

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