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Relationship between Clinical Effects, Serum Drug Concentration, and Concurrent Drug Interactions in Depressed Patients Treated with Citalopram, Fluoxetine, Clomipramine, Paroxetine or Venlafaxine

  • Charlier, Corinne
  • Pinto, Emmanuel
  • Ansseau, Marc
  • Plomteux, Guy
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2000
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The relationship between clinical effects and plasma concentrations of citalopram, fluoxetine, clomipramine, paroxetine and venlafaxine was studied in 119 cases of major depression. Clinical effects were evaluated using the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) improvement scale. Antidepressants were quantified by a separative chromatographic methodology. Plasma concentrations in responder patients were compared with the plasma concentrations proposed in literature as effective values. We found that the usual therapeutic window is convenient for citalopram and clomipramine, but could be reduced for fluoxetine and increased for venlafaxine and paroxetine. Concurrent drug interactions were also evaluated and clomipramine or citalopram plasma levels were found to be influenced by the presence of associated drugs. A larger study is needed, taking into account not only plasma concentrations and clinical effects, but also some pharmacokinetic data, especially the metabolic activity characterising the patient, and the presence or not of associated drugs. Copyright 2000 John Wiley

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