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[Regulation processes in biological systems. II. Role of compartmentation and of organized multienzyme systems].

Authors
  • Floridi, A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Acta vitaminologica et enzymologica
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1978
Volume
32
Issue
1-4
Pages
67–109
Identifiers
PMID: 40413
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The picture, emerging from the experimental results on the physical association of multienzyme systems, is that the true physiological significance of the aggregated state can be understood only if it is correlated to the structural and functional integration of the cellular metabolic framework as a whole. The enzyme clusters exhibit two distinct functional properties. The first is the spatial translocation of intermediate substrates, the effect of which may be viewed as metabolic "channelling" or "vectorial catalysis" if the enzyme clusters are arrayed in some manner in the cell. The second is the coordinate regulation which represents an efficient and economical mean of controlling two or more functionally related enzymes. The common element to these two properties is the spatial character, which is potentially present in the function and the regulation of the intermediary metabolism. The biological systems, and metabolism in particular, exhibit both stability and variability; the latter sometimes assumes the character of periodicity. Whether the oscillations have a definite importance at the level of the intermediary metabolism itself, may well be questioned; the oscillatory faculties may rather serve as elements to be used in more complex functions of the biological systems. A thorough understanding of the role of clustered multienzyme systems and of the oscillatory phenomena in cellular metabolism demands a clearer physicochemical picture of the dynamic state of the living cell than we have at present. For this reason some of the generalizations derived from in vitro studies of single, isolated enzyme activities are not justified.

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