A 26-nt sequence from the 3' UTR of the yeast GAL7 mRNA directs accurate and efficient cleavage and polyadenylation to form the 3' end of the GAL7 mRNA in vivo and in vitro. Here we asked whether this polyadenylation signal can function within the context of a tRNA. Insertion of the GAL7 signal into the intron of the dominant SUP4 nonsense suppressor allowed us to judge the effect of the insert on SUP4 function by observation of nonsense suppression efficiency in vivo. The GAL7 signal impairs the function of SUP4 in an orientation-dependent manner in vivo, consistent with its ability to specify cleavage and polyadenylation in this context in vitro. Mutation of a UA repeat within the GAL7 signal restores SUP4 function partially, consistent with the role of this repeat as an efficiency element in polyadenylation. Mutations that impair the mRNA 3' end-processing factors Rna14p and Rna15p restore suppressor function partially. Northern blot analysis, PCR amplification, and DNA sequence analysis show that the GAL7 signal directs polyadenylation within the body of pre-SUP4 and within the terminator, suggesting that polyadenylation inhibits 5' and 3' end processing, as well as removal of the pre-tRNA intron. These findings indicate that the GAL7 polyadenylation signal is capable of targeting a pre-tRNA to the mRNA processing pathway.