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Regulation of Betacyanin Efflux from Beet Root by Poly-L-Lysine, Ca-Ion and Other Substances

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PMC
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  • Biology

Abstract

Poly-l-lysine, poly-α, γ-diaminobutyric acid and basic proteins cause efflux of betacyanin from beet root tissues to varying degrees. Membrane activities fall in the order: polylysine > poly-α, γ-diaminobutyric acid > polyarginine (protamine), suggesting the importance of steric factors in side-chain to backbone relations. It was also observed that homopolymer activity > heteropolymer activity, using ribonuclease and lysozyme as examples of the latter. Among polylysines, there appears to be an optimal chain length at a molecular weight equal to 50,000. Lowered activity of larger polymers is interpreted in terms of a diffusion barrier, the cell wall.

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