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Regulation of hMSH2 and hMLH1 expression in the human colon cancer cell line SW1116 by DNA methyltransferase 1.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancer Letters
0304-3835
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
233
Issue
1
Pages
124–130
Identifiers
PMID: 16473673
Source
Medline

Abstract

Aberrant DNA methylation is now recognized as an important epigenetic alteration occurring early in human cancer. To directly study the role of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) in the regulation of expression of tumor-related genes in human colon cancer cells, we stably transfected expression constructs containing sense or antisense DNMT1 into the human colon cancer cell line, SW1116. The expression level of mismatch repair genes (MMR), human mut-L homologue 1 (hMLH1) and human Mut S homologue 2 (hMSH2), was monitored by real-time RT-PCR. The methylation status of hMLH1 and hMSH2 promoters was determined by bisulfite modification and methylation-specific PCR (MSP). The protein levels of DNMT1, hMSH2 and hMLH1 were determined by Western analysis. The results show that DNMT1 protein expression was increased or decreased in transfected cell lines containing sense or antisense DNMT1 constructs, respectively. In cells expressing the sense DNMT1 construct, the expression of hMLH1 and hMSH2 was down-regulated through hypermethylation of their respective promoters. Furthermore, antisense DNMT1 expression induced promoter demethylation and up-regulated transcription of hMSH2 (P<0.05) and hMLH1 (P=0.064) in SW1116 cells.

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