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The regions within the N-terminus critical for human glucagon like peptide-1 receptor (hGLP-1R) cell surface expression.

Authors
  • Thompson, Aiysha
  • Kanamarlapudi, Venkateswarlu
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scientific Reports
Publisher
Springer Nature
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Volume
4
Pages
7410–7410
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1038/srep07410
PMID: 25502804
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The hGLP-1R is a target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and belongs to the class B family of GPCRs. Like other class B GPCRs, the GLP-1R contains an N-terminal signal peptide (SP) and undergoes N-linked glycosylation, which are important for its trafficking and maturation. This study analysed the role of the SP, the hydrophobic region after the SP (HRASP), glycosylation and the conserved residues within the N-terminus in GLP-1R trafficking. HGLP-1R targeted to the cell surface showed no SP, and the SP deleted mutant, but not the mutants defective in SP cleavage, showed cell surface expression, demonstrating the importance of SP cleavage for hGLP-1R cell surface expression. The N-terminal deletions of hGLP-1R revealed that the HRASP, not the SP, is essential for cell surface expression of GLP-1R. Further, inhibition of hGLP-1R glycosylation prevented cell surface expression of the receptor. Mutation of Trp(39), Tyr(69) and Tyr(88), which are required for agonist binding, in the GLP-1R abolished cell surface expression of the receptor independent of the SP cleavage or N-linked glycosylation. In conclusion, the N-terminus of hGLP-1R regulates receptor trafficking and maturation. Therefore this study provides insight into the role of hGLP-1R N-terminus on the receptor cell surface expression.

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