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Reflections on Inner and Outer Silence and Consciousness Without Contents According to the Sphere Model of Consciousness.

Authors
  • Paoletti, Patrizio1
  • Ben-Soussan, Tal Dotan1
  • 1 Research Institute for Neuroscience, Education and Didactics, Patrizio Paoletti Foundation, Assisi, Italy. , (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
Volume
11
Pages
1807–1807
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01807
PMID: 32903475
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

In the current hypothesis paper, we propose that focusing attention on silence can be used as a paradigm conceptually similar to sensory deprivation, to study consciousness without content. We briefly overview recent influential models of consciousness and consider how they assess the relationship between consciousness and contents. After discussing the strengths and weaknesses of current models, we suggest an extension based on the Sphere Model of Consciousness (SMC) and introduce new definitions for identification and self-awareness as states of consciousness. We further compare Paoletti's theoretical model for the development of self with other influential models, highlighting similarities and differences. We conclude with a discussion of how attentional focus on silence can be empirically tested. Copyright © 2020 Paoletti and Ben-Soussan.

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